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Thursday, April 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product found in the catalog.

Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product

Jota Ishikawa

Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product

  • 52 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Mass .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Intermediate goods -- Econometric models.,
  • Export subsidies -- Econometric models.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJota Ishikawa, Barbara J. Spencer.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- no.5458
    ContributionsSpencer, Barbara J., National Bureau of Economic Research.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination38p. ;
    Number of Pages38
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17232052M

    International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. [1] In most countries, such trade represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). While international trade has been present throughout much of history (see Silk Road, Amber Road), its economic, social, and political importance has been on the rise in . Export-biased growth, which expands a country’s production possibilities disproportionately in that country’s exporting sector (i.e., the sector with comparative advantage), may shift the relative supply of exported product compared to imported product to the right. Import substitution industrialization (ISI) is a trade and economic policy which advocates replacing foreign imports with domestic production. ISI is based on the premise that a country should attempt to reduce its foreign dependency through the local production of industrialized products. The term primarily refers to 20th-century development economics policies, although .


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Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product by Jota Ishikawa Download PDF EPUB FB2

Despite the fact that an export subsidy can raise domestic welfare even when intermediate-good producers are % foreign, we are able to confirm the central point that having profits leak to foreign intermediate-good producers reduces the incentive to use an export subsidy for rent-shifting by: Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product.

the incentive for a subsidy tends to increase if the intermediate-good industry Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product book purely domestic or if the industry is purely foreign, but the subsidy reduces the price of the imported input.

Alternative rent-shifting policies (a production subsidy and an import tariff Cited by: Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Product Jota Ishikawa, Barbara J. Spencer. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in February NBER Program(s):International Trade and Investment This paper argues that export subsidies aimed at shifting rents from foreign to domestic producers of a final good may also serve to shift rents to foreign firms supplying an intermediate.

Journal of International Economics 48 () – Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product Jota Ishikawa, Barbara J. Spencerab,* aHitotsubashi University,Kunitachi Tokyo ,Japan bFaculty of Commerce and Business Administration,University of British Columbia, Main Mall,Vancouver B.C.,Canada V6T 1Z2File Size: KB.

Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Product. By Jota Ishikawa and Barbara J. Spencer. Download PDF Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product book KB) Abstract.

This paper argues that export subsidies aimed at shifting rents from foreign to domestic producers of a final good may also serve to shift rents to foreign firms supplying an Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product book good Author: Jota Ishikawa and Barbara J.

Spencer. export subsidies under an integrated market for Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product book intermediate Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product book.

In contrast to Ishikawa and Spencer (), imports of intermediate goods typically favor the welfare-enhancing ef-fect of the export subsidy under an integrated input market unless the number of domestic downstream producers exceeds that of the foreign producers.

Ishikawa, J. and B. Spencer () ‘Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Product,’ Journal of International Economics, 48, – CrossRef Google Scholar Krishna, K. and M. Thursby () ‘Optimal Policies with Strategic Distortions’, Journal of International Economics, 31, –Author: Hong Hwang, Chao-Cheng Mai, Ya-Po Yang.

Ryuzo Sato, Rama V. Ramachandran and Kazuo Mino eds. Global Competition and Integration, (Kluwer Academic Publishers), Chapter 6 pp Book: Rent-shifting Export Subsidies with an Intermediate Product(with B. Spencer)(jointly worked) Journal of International Economics Vol,No.2,pp Academic journal: [Show full abstract] the intermediate-good industry is purely domestic or if the industry is purely foreign, but the subsidy reduces the price of the imported input.

Alternative rent-shifting Author: Leonardo Medrano. A table summarizing the average intermediate input subsidies (applying to both domestic and imported inputs) for each agricultural commodity in each country is now available. It shows the differences between the average input subsidy rates in the incorrect Data Base and in the corrected Data Base.

Abstract. This paper argues that export subsidies aimed at shifting rents from foreign to domestic producers of a final good may also serve to shift rents to foreign firms supplying an intermediate good, weakening the incentive for the by: 4.

Downloadable. This paper argues that export subsidies aimed at shifting rents from foreign to domestic producers of a final good may also serve to shift rents to foreign firms supplying an intermediate good, weakening the incentive for the subsidy.

By contrast, assuming Cournot competition for both the final and intermediate goods, this second layer of rent-shifting. [Show full abstract] the intermediate-good industry is purely domestic or if the industry is purely foreign, but the subsidy reduces the price of the imported input.

Alternative rent-shifting Author: Yoichi Sugita. Downloadable (with restrictions). This paper argues that export subsidies aimed at shifting rents from foreign to domestic producers of a final good may also serve to shift rents to foreign firms supplying an intermediate good, weakening the incentive for the subsidy.

By contrast, assuming Cournot competition for both the final and intermediate goods, this second layer of rent Cited by: Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): (external link)Author: Jota Ishikawa and Barbara J.

Spencer. Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product Journal of International Economics,48, (2), View citations (63) See also Working Paper () Quota licenses for imported capital equipment: Could bureaucrats ever do better than the market.

Journal of International Economics,43, (), View. Get this from a library. Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product. [Jota Ishikawa; Barbara J Spencer; National Bureau of Economic Research.]. export subsidies and their equivalents will finally put agriculture on an equal foot-ing with manufacturing products, for which export subsidies were banned many years ago.1 So-called implicit export subsidies in many forms are disbursed indirectly and nontransparently through food aid programs, STEs (low-interest loans and gov.

Ishikawa, Jota, and Barbara Spencer. Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product. Journal of International; Economics Janeba, Eckhard. Foreign direct investment under oligopoly: Profit shifting or profit capturing. Journal of Public Economics Katrak, Homi. Get this from a library.

Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product. [Jota Ishikawa; Barbara J Spencer; National Bureau of Economic Research.] -- Abstract: This paper argues that export subsidies aimed at shifting rents from foreign to domestic producers of a final good may also serve to shift rents to foreign firms supplying an intermediate.

Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Product. Journal of International Economics, 48(2), Spencer, B.J. Quota Licenses for Imported Capital Equipment: Could Bureaucrats Ever Do Better than the Market.

Journal of International Economics, 43(1/2, Aug), Spencer, B.J., Raubitschek, R. Quota licenses for imported capital equipment: Could bureaucrats ever do better than the market.

by Spencer, Barbara J. Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product by Ishikawa, Jota & Spencer, Barbara J. Vertical Networks and US Auto Parts Exports: Is Japan Different.

by Keith Head & John Ries & Barbara J. Spencer. When a government allows raw materials and other intermediate products to enter a country duty free, this generally results in a. an export subsidy will. the simultaneous export and import of widgets by the US is an example of. long run profit = 0.

If there are a large umber of firms in a monopolistically competitive industry. the size. This chapter examines the effects of the cost asymmetry of final goods production and the cost difference in intermediate goods production on the import tariffs on both Ishikawa, J., and B.J. Spencer.

Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product. Cost Asymmetries and Import Tariff Policy in a Vertically Author: Yasushi Kawabata.

Along the lines of the strategic trade policy inquiry under vertical structures we show that two rival governments may select different rates of export subsidies and import tariffs respectively upon their own industries even if their marginal costs are identical. Moreover, regardless of any combination of these policy instruments optimally introduced, we show that each nation's.

"The Ricardo-Viner Trade Model with an Intermediate Good", Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics,vol. 41, pp. "Rent-shifting Export Subsidies with an Intermediate Product", Journal of International Economics,vol.

48, pp. (with B. Spencer). B DEFiNiNG SUBSiDiES at the origins of the Gatt, little attention was given to the trade impact of subsidies. However, contracting parties soon appreciated the need to deal with subsidies in order to secure the value of their agreed tariff concessions. Country-Specific Tariff and Tax Information Determine Tariff Rates Using Country-Specific Resources.

A tariff or duty (the words are used interchangeably) is a tax levied by governments on the value including freight and insurance of imported products. Different tariffs are applied on different products by different countries.

Tariff and Quota Equivalence in Vertically Related Markets. Review of Development Economics, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp.Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate by: 2. [16] Ishikawa J, Spencer B J.

Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product. Journal of International Economics,48 (2): – [17] Peitz M, Reisinger M. Indirect taxation in vertical oligopoly. Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product.

Ishikawa, Jota, () Price undertakings, VERs, and foreign direct investment: the case of foreign rivalry. Ishikawa, Jota, () More. New citations to this author. New articles related to this author's research. Email address for updates. Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product.

J Ishikawa, BJ Spencer. Journal of International Economics 48 (2),  export subsidy, import tariff 1 answer below» An export subsidy and an import tariff have the same effect. evaluate this statement Oct 24 AM. 1 Approved Answer.

Vishwas M answered on Ma 4 Ratings. Export subsidies are direct payments to the nation's exporters or potential exporters and/or low -interest loans to foreign buyers to stimulate the nation's exports. 2 Thus, they are not a restriction on trade but rather giving domestic companies an unfair advantage that helps them to increase their exports at the expense of foreign competitors.

When a production subsidy “s” is imposed, the domestic producer price rises by the subsidy value to P e free trade is maintained and the importing country is small, the domestic consumer price remains at P the effect of the subsidy in this case is to raise domestic supply from S 1 to S 2 while domestic demand remains at D a result, imports fall from (D.

The offshore outsourcing of IT services is more and more important in today’s IT industry. Applying a simple model with two countries, the “North” and the “South”, we analyze the optimal industrial competition policy which is set by a Competition Agency. Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product.

Journal Author: Jian Zhong Huang, Bai Fu Chen, Zhang Xi Ouyang. In cases where products are not imported directly from the country of origin but are exported to the importing Member from an intermediate country, the provisions of this Agreement shall be fully applicable and the transaction or transactions shall, for the purposes of this Agreement, be regarded as having taken place between the country.

An export subsidy, on the other hand, only offers a payment to the quantity or value that is actually exported. An export subsidy is classified as a trade policy, whereas a production subsidy is a domestic policy.

Domestic production subsidies are. Ishikawa, J. and Spencer, B.J. () Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Product. Journal of International Economics, 48, Journal of International Economics, 48, Author: Yasushi Kawabata.

Export subsidies are maximum limits on the quantity or total value of specific products imported to a nation. Export subsidies are excise taxes or duties placed on imported products.

Export subsidies are licensing requirements, unreasonable quality standards, and the like designed to impede imports. Perspectives on the Export‐ Import Bank pdf the United States. By Daniel J value of U.S.

imports in comprised of intermediate of the gross benefits of export subsidies, which they.Top five export destinations for Pakistani products between July and April were the US, the UK, China, Afghanistan and Germany. Exports .The country’s tariffs are determined by the ECOWAS – CET Book.

The ebook has five bands; zero duty on capital goods and essential drugs, 5% duty on raw materials, 10% on intermediate goods, 20% on finished goods and 35% on imports into strategic sectors.